Storefront API

The add-on includes three theme files that can help you quickly spin up an example integration. These are rather simple use cases that give us enough to integrate the JavaScript and control adding products to our basket, updating it, and handing it off to Shopify for checkout.

The following breaks down the JavaScript included and the steps needed to get everything working.

Publishing Assets

Before we can talk about what anything achieves, we need to publish the boilerplate assets. Run the following command to get the uncompiled JavaScript into your resources directory.

php artisan vendor:publish --tag="shopify-scripts"

For the theme files you can also run:

php artisan vendor:publish --tag="shopify-theme"

Initiating

The first thing you need is to setup the client.

The client.js uses the tokens output by {{ shopify_tokens }}. If you have installed the modular-scripts you will need to install the shopify-buy before anything will compile.

yarn add shopify-buy
npm install shopify-buy --save

Client.js

Our client.js is a rather simple file, it uses the window attributes to create a connection to the Storefront API. You'll need to use this whenever you want to interact with the API, so we have separated it into it's own JS file so you can import it where needed.

import Client from 'shopify-buy'

const client = Client.buildClient({
  domain: window.shopifyUrl,
  storefrontAccessToken: window.shopifyToken
})

export default client

Checkout.js

Every user of the site will be assigned a unique cart ID. To remember this, we utilise the localStorage (you could also do this with cookies).

import client from './client.js'

const checkout = () => {
  // Check if we have found anything in local storage.
  let shopifyCheckout = localStorage.getItem('statamic.shopify.cart.id')

  // If not, let's create a new checkout for the user and set it as the ID.
  if (!shopifyCheckout) {
    client.checkout.create().then(checkout => {
      localStorage.setItem('statamic.shopify.cart.id', checkout.id)
      shopifyCheckout = checkout.id
    })
  }

  return shopifyCheckout
}

const checkoutId = checkout()

export { checkoutId }

export default checkout

Every time we call the checkout() method, we will check to see if the checkout exists. If not, we will create a new checkout for them.

We have also exported the checkoutId directly as this is all you will need to interact with the checkout in future calls.

Product.js

We want products in our basket, so this script handles adding the variant and quantities of a product to your user's checkout.

productForm

Firstly, we set up the product form and grab the ID of the page and then call the handleProductFormSubmit function.

const productForm = () => {
  const form = document.getElementById('ss-product-add-form')

  if (form == null) {
    return
  }

  form.addEventListener('submit', e => {
    e.preventDefault()
    handleProductFormSubmit(form)
  })
}

export default productForm

handleProductFormSubmit

To process the form, we look for the #ss-product-qty and #ss-product-variant fields in the form and then parse these so they can be passed to the Storefront API.

const handleProductFormSubmit = form => {
  const quantity = form.querySelector('#ss-product-qty')
  const variantId = form.querySelector('#ss-product-variant')

  if (variantId == null) {
    return
  }

  const lineItemsToAdd = [
    {
      variantId: variantId.value,
      quantity: quantity != null ? parseInt(quantity.value) : 1
    }
  ]

  client.checkout
    .addLineItems(checkoutId, lineItemsToAdd)
    .then(checkout => {
      const elements = htmlToElements(
        '<p><span class="mr-2">Product added to the basket.</span><a href="/cart">Go to cart</a></p>'
      )
      bannerMessage(elements, true)
      setCartCount(checkout.lineItems)
    })
    .catch(err => {
      // Handle Errors here.
    })
}

We use two functions bannerMessage() and setCartCount() which we will address further down the page. In short, these display feedback to the user.

Cart.js

This is the big one. We handle pulling the cart details into our site, as well as updating quantity, managing deletion of products and handing off to Shopify.

setCartCount

In the demo theme, we add a count into the header so the user can see how many products are in the basket. This function returns the cart, checks the total quantity and sets the count to that value.

const setCartCount = () => {
  const countTarget = document.querySelector('[data-ss-cart-count]')

  if (countTarget == null) {
    return
  }

  client.checkout
    .fetch(checkoutId)
    .then(({ lineItems }) => {
      let count = 0
      lineItems.forEach(item => (count = count + item.quantity))
      countTarget.innerHTML = count
    })
    .catch(err => {
      // Handle Errors here.
    })
}

hideCartOverview

Toggles whether the cart should be displayed. This is used upon loading the cart page.

const hideCartOverview = () => {
  noItemsMessage.classList.remove('hidden')
  cartView.classList.add('hidden')
}

setCartSubtotal

Updates the subtotal count with the amount passed to it. In our case, we pass the subTotal of the whole checkout.

const setCartSubtotal = amount => {
  const subtotalEl = document.querySelector('[data-ss-subtotal]')

  if (subtotalEl != null) {
    subtotalEl.innerHTML = formatCurrency(amount)
  }
}

initCartActions

Whenever we change or append rows to the table we need to reinitialise our actions so that we can update the product quantity or delete the product entirely. We search for all tr in the #ss-cart-view table.

const initCartActions = () => {
  const tableRows = document.querySelectorAll('#ss-cart-view table tbody tr')

  tableRows.forEach(row => {
    const btnEls = row.querySelector('[data-ss-delete]')
    const qtyEls = row.querySelector('input[name=qty]')

    btnEls.addEventListener('click', e => {
      e.preventDefault()
      deleteRowFromStorefront(row)
    })

    qtyEls.addEventListener('change', e => {
      e.preventDefault()
      updateQtyInStorefront(row, e.target.value)
    })
  })
}

showCartOverview

This function handles looping around the lineItems, appending the data from each item to a table, passing the price to the setCartSubtotal() function and setting the unique checkout URL so the user can be forwarded to Shopify.

This outputs the table rows that match the default template. If you want to customise the output you can edit the htmlToElements() with your own layout.

const showCartOverview = (lineItems, price, checkoutLink) => {
  cartView.classList.remove('hidden')
  noItemsMessage.classList.add('hidden')

  // Table
  const tableBody = document.querySelector('#ss-cart-view table tbody')

  // Append line item elements
  lineItems.forEach(({ id, variant, title, quantity }) => {
    const price = formatCurrency(variant.price)
    const subtotal = formatCurrency(quantity * variant.price)
    const elements = htmlToElements(`<tr data-ss-variant-id="${id}">
<td class="px-6 py-4 whitespace-nowrap" colspan="2">
    <div class="flex items-center">
        <div class="mr-3">
            <picture class="aspect-w-1 aspect-h-1 overflow-hidden block relative w-20 h-20">
                <img src="${variant.image.src}" class="pin-0 absolute object-cover" />
            </picture>
        </div>
        <div>
            <span class="block font-semibold">${title}</span>
            <span>${variant.title}</span>
        </div>
    </div>
</td>
<td class="px-6 py-4 whitespace-nowrap">
    ${price}
</td>
<td class="px-6 py-4 whitespace-nowrap">
    <input type="number" name="qty" min="1" class="border w-20 p-1" value="${quantity}"/>
</td>
<td class="px-6 py-4 whitespace-nowrap">
    ${subtotal}
</td>
<td class="px-6 py-4 whitespace-nowrap">
    <a href="#" data-ss-delete class="text-red-600"><svg class="w-5" xmlns="http://www.w3.org/2000/svg" fill="none" viewBox="0 0 24 24" stroke="currentColor"><path stroke-linecap="round" stroke-linejoin="round" stroke-width="2" d="M6 18L18 6M6 6l12 12" /></svg></a>
</td>
</tr>`)

    elements.forEach(el => {
      tableBody.appendChild(el)
    })
  })

  // Init delete/qty inputs we just appended
  initCartActions()

  // Set subtotal value
  setCartSubtotal(price.amount)

  // Checkout Link
  const checkoutTag = document.getElementById('ss-checkout-link')
  checkoutTag.setAttribute('href', checkoutLink)
}

We also pass the prices to formatCurrency which is another helper we've made and should be updated to match your store's currency.

updateQtyInStorefront

If the user changes the line item quantity, we want to make sure everything is squared up on our end and then passed to the Storefront API.

const updateQtyInStorefront = (row, qty) => {
  // Get the storefront id off the row.
  const id = row.getAttribute('data-ss-variant-id')

  // Set the item array
  const items = [{id: id, quantity: parseInt(qty)}]

  client.checkout
    .updateLineItems(checkoutId, items)
    .then(({ lineItems, subtotalPriceV2 }) => {
      setCartCount(lineItems)
      setCartSubtotal(subtotalPriceV2.amount)
    })
    .catch(err => {
      // HANDLE ERRORS
    })
}

deleteRowFromStorefront

If the user deletes a line item from their cart, we need to send that data to the Storefront API. This function handles the deletion in the API and then updates the user information on the client. We also display a bannerMessage() to let the user know that everything happened okay!

const deleteRowFromStorefront = row => {
  const id = row.getAttribute('data-ss-variant-id')
  const items = []
  items.push(id)

  client.checkout
    .removeLineItems(checkoutId, items)
    .then(({ lineItems, subtotalPriceV2 }) => {
      setCartCount(lineItems)
      setCartSubtotal(subtotalPriceV2.amount)
      bannerMessage(htmlToElements('<p>Item removed successfully</p>'))

      if (lineItems.length === 0) {
        noItemsMessage.classList.remove('hidden')
        cartView.classList.add('hidden')
      }

      row.remove()
    })
}

cart

The cart function wraps up all of our other code in this file, it ensures that if the cart exists on the page, we then fetch all the details from the Storefront API, hide any loading messages, and display everything as wanted.

const cart = () => {
  if (cartHolder == null && cartView == null) {
    console.log('Something went wrong finding the form')
    return
  }

  // Fetch the cart
  client.checkout
    .fetch(checkoutId)
    .then(checkout => {
      const { lineItems, subtotalPriceV2, webUrl } = checkout
      cartLoading.classList.add('hidden')

      if (lineItems.length === 0) {
        hideCartOverview()
        return
      }

      showCartOverview(lineItems, subtotalPriceV2, webUrl)
    })
    .catch(err => {
      // handle errors
    })
}

Helpers.js

There are a few helpers in the JavaScript that handle repeated functionality between the JS elements. These can be used anywhere.

htmlToElements

This allows us to create elements easier when appending the line items data or banner messages.

export const htmlToElements = html => {
  let template = document.createElement('template')
  template.innerHTML = html
  return template.content.childNodes
}

bannerMessage

Display a banner message to the end-user. This is useful for declaring successful actions or errors.

export const bannerMessage = (elements, type = 'success', timeout = 6000) => {
  const banner = document.getElementById('ss-banner-message')

  // remove if there is already content + unhide banner
  banner.innerHTML = ''
  banner.classList.remove('hidden')

  // Set type
  if (type === 'error') {
    banner.classList.add('bg-red-300')
  } else {
    banner.classList.add('bg-green-300')
  }

  // Append elements
  elements.forEach(el => {
    banner.appendChild(el)
  })

  // Hide after timeout
  setTimeout(() => {
    banner.innerHTML = ''
    banner.classList.remove('bg-red-300', 'bg-green-300')
    banner.classList.add('hidden')
  }, timeout)
}
<div id="ss-banner-message"></div>

formatCurrency

Simply put, this formats the currency so it is displayed in a sane way when building the cart tables.

export const formatCurrency = price => {
  return '£' + parseFloat(price).toFixed(2)
}
Edit this page on GitHub Updated at Mon, May 17, 2021